October 1, 1890 Yosemite National Park is established by the U. S. Government.
Movie: The Story of Yosemite National Park (1991)
Book: John Muir, Robert Engberg and Donald Wesling eds., John Muir: to Yosemite and Beyond
October 2, 1187 Islamic hero, Saladin recaptures Jerusalem from the Crusaders.
Movie: King Richard and the Crusaders (1954)
Book: Geoffrey Regan, Lionhearts: Richard I, Saladin and the Era of the Third Crusade
October 3, 1962 Wally Schirra is launched into an orbit of the earth.
Movie: The Right Stuff (1983)
Book: Tom Wolfe, The Right Stuff
October 4, 1824 Mexico confirms its independence by establishing a republic.
Movie: Mexico, 4 Volumes
Book: Bruno Leone, The War of Mexican Independence
October 5, 1981 Swedish diplomat and resistance hero Raoul Wallenberg is awarded posthumously an honorary American citizenship
Movie: Raoul Wallenberg: Between the Lines (1984)
Book: Kati Marton, Raoul Wallenberg: Missing Hero
October 6, 1927 The Jazz Singer, the first full-length firm to utilize soundtrack, opens in New York.
Movie: The Jazz Singer (1927)
Book: Larry F. Kiner & Philip R. Evans, Al Jolson: A Bio-Discography
October 7, 1938 German Government requires that all Jewish passports be marked with the letter “J.”
Movie: Kristallnacht Remembered (2008)
Book: Rita Thalmann, Crystal Night, 9-10 November 1938
October 8, 1918 Sgt Alvin York becomes a national hero by capturing 25 Germans.
Movie: Sergeant York (1941)
Book: John Perry, Sgt. York: His Life, Legend, and Legacy
October 9, 1000 Leif Ericson’s exploration of Vinland area.
Movie: Biography: Leif Ericson - Voyages of a Viking (2008)
Book: Magnus Magnusson, ed., Vinland Sagas: Norse Discovery of America
October 10, 1978 President Carter authorizes issue of Susan B. Anthony silver dollar.
Movie: Not For Ourselves Alone: The Story of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony (1999)
Book: Judith E. Harper, Susan B Anthony: A Biographical Companion
October 11, 1689 Peter the Great becomes Tsar of Russia.
Movie: Peter the Great (1986) Maximilian Schell
Book: Robert Massie, Peter the Great: His Life and World
October 12, 1915 Nurse Edith Cavell is executed by Germans for aiding allied prisoners in Belgium.
Movie: Nurse Edith Cavell (1939) Anna Neagle
Book: J. Elkin, Edith Cavell: Heroic Nurse
October 13, 1853 Entertainer Lillie Langtry is born.
Movie: The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean (1972)
Book: Lillie Langtry, Days I Knew
October 14, 1066 William of Normandy defeats Harold the Saxon at Battle of Hastings.
Movie: Blood Royal: William the Conqueror (1990)
Book: David C. Douglas, William the Conqueror
October 15, 1917 Germans execute dancer Mata Hari as a spy in Paris.
Movie: Mata Hari (1931) Greta Garbo
Book: Julie Wheelwright, The Fatal Lover: Mata Hari and the Myth of Women in Espionage
October 16, 1847 Charlotte Bronte publishes Jane Eyre.
Movie: Jane Eyre (1996) William Hurt
Book: Lyndall Gordon, Charlotte Bronte: A Passionate Life
October 17, 1931 Chicago gangster, Al Capone, is convicted of tax evasion.
Movie: Al Capone: The Untouchable Legend (1998) - Documentary
Book: John Kobler, Capone: The Life and World of Al Capone
October 18, 1982 Widow of President Harry Truman, Bess Truman dies at age 97.
Movie: Truman (1995) Gary Sinise
Book: Robert Ferrell, ed. Dear Bess: The Letters from Harry to Bess Truman, 1910-1959
October 19, 1781 The British surrender their army of 8,000 troops to the American command of General George Washington following a significant defeat two days earlier.
Movie: George Washington (1984) Barry Bostwick
Book: Richard Ferrie, The World Turned Upside Down: George Washington and the Battle of Yorktown
October 20, 1944 General Douglas MacArthur fulfills his promise to return to the Philippines in WWII.
Movie: MacArthur (1977) - Gregory Peck
Book: Douglas MacArthur, Reminiscences
October 21, 1519 Ferdinand Magellan, exploring for the Portuguese monarchy, discovers the straits at the tip of Latin America, opening the way into the Pacific Ocean and the circumnavigation of the world.
Movie: The Golden Age of Exploration (1997) - Documentary
Book: Tim Joyner, Magellan
October 22, 1918 One of the worst Influenza epidemics in history breaks out ultimately killing more people world wide than died in WWI.
Movie: Influenza 1918 (1998) - Documentary
Book: Gina Bari Kolata, Flu: The Story of the Great Pandemic of 1918 and the Search for the Virus that Caused It
October 23, 1942 The German army under General Irwin Rommel at El Alamein face a ferocious British offensive that turns the tide of the WWII in North Africa.
Movie: Desert Victory: The Battle of El Alamein (2009)
Book: Nigel Hamilton, Master of the Battlefield: Monty's War Years
October 24, 1962 President John F. Kennedy orders a naval blockade of Cuba.
Movie: Thirteen Days (2000)
Book: Robert F. Kennedy, Thirteen Days: A Memoir of the Cuban Missile Crisis
October 25, 1415 Henry V, Shakespeare's Prince Hal, with a small army defeats a large French army to win the legendary Battle of Agincourt.
Movie: Medieval Warfare - Agincourt: King Henry's Triumph (2001)
Book: Rosemary Hawley Jarman, Crispin's Day: The Glory of Agincourt
October 26, 1881 The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral occurs in Tombstone, Arizona.
Movie: Tombstone (1993) Kurt Russell
Book: Thom Ross, Gunfight at the O.K. Corral
October 27, 900 Alfred the Great who defended England against the Viking Great Army dies.
Movie: Alfred the Great (1969) David Hemmings
Book: Richard Philip Abels, Alfred The Great: War, Kingship and Culture in Anglo-Saxon England
October 28, 1954 Ernest Hemingway wins the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Movie: Ernest Hemingway: Wrestling with Life (1983) - Documentary
Book: Ernest Hemingway, A Moveable Feast
October 29, 1787 Mozart's opera Don Giovanni is performed in Prague.
Movie: Amadeus (1984) Tom Hulce
Book: Robert W. Gutman, Mozart: A Cultural Biography
October 30, 1961 U.S.S.R. leader Nikita Krushchev orders that former dictator Joseph Stalin's remains be moved out of his tomb in Red Square.
Movie: Seeing Red (1983) - Documentary
Book: Nikita Krushchev, The Anatomy of Terror: Krushchev's Revelations about Stalin's Regime
October 31, 1753 The Governor of Virginia, Robert Dinwiddie, orders George Washington and a small force to enter the Ohio Valley and present the French military stationed there with a demand for their immediate withdrawal.
Movie: George Washington: The Unknown Years (1997) - Documentary
Book: Washington Irving, George Washington: A Biography