March 1, 1872 Yellowstone National Park was established by the U.S. Congress as the country’s, and the world’s, first national park.
Movie: Yellowstone: Battle for Life (2009) - Documentary
Book: Mark Daniel Barringer, Selling Yellowstone
March 2, 1944 Casablanca wins the Best Film Academy Award of 1943.
Movie: Casablanca (1943)
Book: James Robertson, The Casablanca Man: The Cinema of Michael Curtiz
March 3, 1915 Director D.W. Griffith's controversial Civil War epic The Birth of a Nation opens in New York City.
Movie: Birth of a Nation (1915)
Book: Melvyn Stokes, D.W. Griffith's the Birth of a Nation: A History of the Most Controversial Motion Picture of All Time
March 4, 1952 Actor and future President Ronald Reagan marries his second wife, actress Nancy Davis.
Movie: Reagan (2011) - Documentary
Book: Nancy Reagan, I Love You, Ronnie: The Letters of Ronald Reagan to Nancy Reagan
March 5, 1966 The "Ballad of the Green Berets" by Staff Sergeant Barry Sadler becomes number one record in the United States.
Movie: The Green Berets (1968) John Wayne
Book: Robin Moore, The Green Berets
March 6, 1928 Latin American author Gabriel García Márquez was born in Aracataca, Colombia.
Movie: Love in the Time of Cholera (2007) Javier Bardem
Book: Gerald Martin, Gabriel García Márquez: A Life
March 7, 1965 State troopers used nightsticks and tear gas to attack American civil rights activists as they crossed a bridge in Selma, Alabama, during their march to the state capitol in Montgomery.
Movie: Eyes on the Prize: Bridge to Freedom 1965 (1986)
Book: Wally G. Vaughn, The Selma Campaign, 1963-1965: The Decisive Battle of the Civil Rights Movement
March 8, 1587 Mary, Queen of Scots, is beheaded in England for plotting to overthrow Queen Elizabeth I.
Movie: Mary Queen of Scots (1971) Vanessa Redgrave
Book: Antonia Fraser, Mary Queen of Scots
March 9, 1943 Bobby Fischer is born in Chicago, Illinois and eventually went on to become the only American ever to win the chess world championship.
Movie: Bobby Fischer Against the World (2011)
Book: Frank Brady, ENDGAME: Bobby Fischer’s Remarkable Rise and Fall — From America’s Brightest Prodigy to the Edge of Madness
March 10, 1938 The Life of Emile Zola wins an Academy Award as best picture of 1937.
Movie: The Life of Emile Zola (1937) Paul Muni
Book: Emile Zola, The Dreyfus Affair, J'Accuse and Other Writings
March 11, 1818 Frankenstein, frequently called the world's first science fiction novel, is published by 21-year-old Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley.
Movie: Frankenstein (1931) Boris Karloff
Book: Dorothy Hoobler, The Monsters: Mary Shelley and the Curse of Frankenstein
March 12, 1930 Indian independence leader Mohandas Gandhi begins a defiant march to the sea in protest of the British monopoly on salt, his boldest act of civil disobedience yet against British rule in India.
Movie: Gandhi (1982) Ben Kingsley
Book: Joseph Lelyveld, Mahatma Gandhi and His Struggle With India
March 13, 1519 Cortes lands on Mexican shore beginning the conquest of the Aztec Empire.
Movie: The Conquistadors: Cortes (2001) - Documentary
Book: William Hickling Prescott, The Conquest of Mexico
March 14, 1879 Albert Einstein is born in Ulm, Germany.
Movie: A. Einstein: How I See the World (1991) - Documentary
Book: Walter Isaacson, Einstein: His Life and Universe
March 15, 44 bce Roman dictator Julius Caesar was launching a series of political and social reforms when he was assassinated this day, the Ides of March, by a group of nobles, among whom were Cassius and Brutus.
Movie: Julius Caesar's Rome (2005)
Book: Luciano Canfora, Julius Caesar: The Life and Times of the People's Dictator
March 16, 1850 American author Nathaniel Hawthorne's story of adultery and betrayal in colonial America, The Scarlet Letter, is published.
Movie: The Scarlet Letter (1934) Colleen Moore
Book: John Hardy Wright, Hawthorne's Haunts in New England
March 17, 1785 Thomas Jefferson is appointed U.S. Minister to France.
Movie: Thomas Jefferson (1996) - Documentary
Book: Roy Moore et al., Thomas Jefferson's Journey to the South of France
March 18, 1773 She Stoops to Conquer by Oliver Goldsmith opens in London.
Movie: She Stoops to Conquer (1914) - Silent film
Book: Stephen Lucius Gwynn, Oliver Goldsmith
March 19, 1848 Wyatt Earp, legendary frontiersman of the American West, is born in Monmouth, Illinois.
Movie: Tombstone (1993)
Book: Allen Barra, Inventing Wyatt Earp: His Life and Many Legends
March 20, 1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe's anti-slavery novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin, is published.
Movie: Slavery by Another Name (2012) - Documentary
Book: Joy Jordan-Lake, Whitewashing Uncle Tom's Cabin: Nineteenth-Century Women Novelists Respond to Stowe
March 21, 1945 A Japanese kamikaze attack on the U.S.S. Franklin leaves 832 sailors dead.
Movie: The Pacific Campaign: WWII Battlefront (2001) - Documentary
Book: E. T. Wooldridge, Carrier Warfare in the Pacific
March 22, 1690 Iroquois tribes renew support for the British in the French-Indian struggles.
Movie: The Iroquois Trail (1950) George Montgomery
Book: Dean R. Snow, The Iroquois
March 23, 1983 In a nationwide television address, U.S. President Ronald Reagan announced the Strategic Defense Initiative, popularly known as Star Wars, a proposed strategic defensive system against potential nuclear attacks.
Movie: Decisions that Shook the World: Reagan and the Cold War (2004) - Documentary
Book: Francis FitzGerald, Way Out There In the Blue: Reagan, Star Wars and the End of the Cold War
March 24, 1953 Queen Mary, wife of George V and grandmother of Queen Elizabeth II, dies in London.
Movie: Queen Mary's Doll House (1990) - Documentary
Book: James Pope-Hennessy, Queen Mary 1867-1953
March 25, 1960 A United States Court of Appeals rules that the D. H. Lawrence novel, Lady Chatterley's Lover is not obscene.
Movie: Lady Chatterley's Lover (1981)
Book: D. H. Lawrence, Lady Chatterley's Lover
March 26, 1027 Pope John XIX proclaims Conrad II as German Roman Emperor.
Movie: Conrad II: The First Salian Emperor (1996) - Documentary
Book: Marc Bloch, Feudal Society
March 27, 47 bce The legendary Cleopatra VII, aided by her Roman lover, Julius Caesar, was reinstated as co-ruler of Egypt following a civil war with her brother Ptolemy XIII.
Movie: Cleopatra: Portrait of a Killer (2009) - Documentary
Book: Duane W. Roller, Cleopatra: A Biography
March 28, 1979 At 4:00 am an automatic valve mistakenly closed at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, culminating in radioactive leakage.
Movie: Meltdown at Three Mile Island (1999) - Documentary
Book: J. Samuel Walker, Three Mile Island: A Nuclear Crisis in Historical Perspective
March 29, 1951 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage for passing nuclear secrets to the Soviet Union.
Movie: Heir to an Execution (2004) - Documentary
Book: Sam Roberts, The Brother: The Untold Story of the Rosenberg Case
March 30, 1932 Amelia Earhart completes transatlantic solo flight.
Movie: Amelia Earhart (1976) Susan Clark
Book: Sally Putnam Chapman, Whistled Like a Bird: The Untold Story of Dorothy Putnam, George Putnam and Amelia Earhart
March 31, 1921 Albert Einstein presents first lecture in New York on his Theory of Relativity.
Movie: Einstein Revealed (2004) - Documentary
Book: Albert Einstein, Ideas and Opinions