Clio In Time
July 1, 1950 The United States sends its first combat troops into Korea.
Movie: The Korean War: Our Time in Hell – Documentary
Book: Stanley Weintraub, MacArthur’s War: Korea and the Undoing of an American Hero
July 2, 1566 Michel de Nostradamus, physician, prophet, and advisor to Queen Catherine de Medici of France dies.
Movie: Nostradamus (1994) F. Murray Abraham
Book: John Hogue, Nostradamus: The Complete Prophecies
July 3, 1939 Lou Gehrig delivers his famous “Luckiest Man” speech.
Movie: Yankee Sluggers: Baseball’s Greatest Legends - Documentary
Book: Ray Robinson, Iron Horse: Lou Gehrig in His Time
July 4, 1976 Hostages are rescued from an airport terminal in Entebbe, Uganda, after Israeli commandos raid the building, killing all of the terrorists.
Movie: Raid on Entebbe (1977) Charles Bronson
Book: Max Hastings, Yoni: Hero of Entebbe
July 5, 1862 During the Civil War, the first African American military unit, the First Carolina Regiment, is organized by Union General David Hunter.
Movie: Glory (1989) Denzel Washington
Book: Noah Andre Trudeau, Like Men of War: Black Troops in the Civil War, 1862-1865
July 6, 1917 Arab troops under T. E. Lawrence capture the city of Aqaba held by Turkish forces.
Movie: Lawrence of Arabia (1962 ) Peter O’Toole
Book: T. E. Lawrence, The Seven Pillars of Wisdom
July 7, 1535 Sir Thomas More, former Chancellor of England and author of Utopia, is executed by the government of Henry VIII for his refusal to accept the king’s religious and marital settlements.
Movie: Man for All Seasons (1966) Paul Scofield
Book: Peter Ackroyd, Sir Thomas Moore
July 8, 1709 The Russians defeat the Swedes in the Battle of Poltava.
Movie: Peter the Great (1986) Maximilian Schell
Book: Robert K. Massie, Peter the Great (1992)
July 9, 1776 George Washinton’s army hears a first reading of the Declaration of Independence.
Movie: George Washinton - Documentary
Book: James Thomas Flexner, George Washington: The Indispensable Man
July 10, 1509 John Calvin, future founder of a “kindergarten for protestantism” in Geneva, Switzerland, is born in Noyon, France.
Movie: Sectarianism and Schism in Europe - Documentary
Book: John Thomas McNeil, History and Character of Calvinism
July 11, 1804 Alexander Hamilton challenges Aaron Burr to a duel, which subsequently will be fatal to Hamilton and ruin Burr’s reputation.
Movie: Magnificent Doll (1946) Ginger Rogers
Book: Arnold A. Rogow, A Fatal Friendship: Alexander Hamilton & Aaron Burr
July 12, 1906 French staff officer, Alfred Dreyfus, is declared innocent of espionage in Paris.
Movie: Prisoner of Honor (1991) Richard Dreyfus
Book: Jean-Denis Bredin, The Affair: The Case of Alfred Dreyfus
July 13, 1863 During the Civil War, New York erupts in anti - draft riots, crushed by Union forces after over 1000 civilian casualties.
Movie: The Civil War - Documentary
Book: Iver Bernstein, The New York City Draft Riots: Their Significance for American Society and Politics in the Age of the Civil War
July 14, 1789 French Revolutionaries storm the Bastille, a hated symbol of royal tyranny.
Movie: La Marseillaise (1937) Jean Renoir
Book: Douglas Liversidge, The Day the Bastille Fell, July 14, 1789: The Beginning of the End of the French Monarchy
July 15, 1099 Christian crusaders invade Jerusalem, ending Muslim rule for the several decades.
Movie: The Crusades (1995) – Documentary
Book: Steven Runciman, History of the Crusades
July 16, 1941 Joltin’ Joe DiMaggio, of the New York Yankees, ends his record 56-hitting streak.
Movie: Joe DiMaggio - Documentary
Book: George Degregorio, Joe DiMaggio: An Informal Biography
July 17, 1876 Chief Crazy Horse leads the Sioux Indians in an attack against army units commanded by General George Crook.
Movie: Crazy Horse - Documentary
Book: Larry McMurtry, Crazy Horse
July 18, 64 Under the Emperor Nero, the great fire of Rome destroyed most of the city and led to the first major persecution of Christians.
Movie: Quo Vadis (1951) Deborah Kerr
Book: Vasily Rudich, Political Dissidence Under Nero: the Price of Dissimulation
July 19, 1848 The Women’s Rights conference meets in Seneca Falls, New York.
Movie: The Story of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony: Not For Ourselves Alone (1999) - Documentary
Book: Miriam Gurko, The Ladies of Seneca Falls: The Birth of the Women’s Rights Movement
July 20, 1944 Hitler survives an assassination attempt by Von Stauffenberg at his headquarters in Prussia.
Movie: The Plot to Kill Hitler (1990) Brad Davis
Book: Joachim C. Fest, Plotting Hitler’s Death: The Story of German Resistance
July 21, 1899 Ernest Hemingway, winner of both a Pulitzer Prize and a Nobel Prize for Literature after publication of The Old Man and the Sea, is born in Oak Park, Illinois.
Movie: Ernest Hemingway (1996)
Book: James R. Mellow, Hemingway: A Life Without Consequences
July 22, 1928 FBI agents on a tip intercept public enemy number one, John Dillinger, leaving a Chicago movie theater and kill him in a Hollywood style shoot out.
Movie: Dillinger (1945) Lawrence Tierney
Book: John Toland, The Dillinger Days
July 23, 1967 Race riots break out in Detroit, Michigan killing forty-three people.
Movie: Eye on the Prize (1986) - Documentary
Book: Robert Shogan and Tom Craig, Detroit Race Riot: A Study in Violence
July 24, 1925 John Scopes is convicted of teaching the theory of evolution in a Tennessee high school and fined one hundred dollars.
Movie: Inherit the Wind (1960) Spencer Tracy
Book: Edward J. Larson, Summer of the Gods: The Scopes Trial and America’s Continuing Debate Over Science & Religion
July 25, 1972 After forty years, United States health officials admit to using African Americans as guinea pigs in a syphilis experiment.
Movie: Miss Evers’ Boys (1997) Alfre Woodard
Book: James H. Jones, Bad Blood: the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment
July 26, 1908 The Federal Bureau of Investigation is established under Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte.
Movie: Inside the FBI - Documentary
Book: Ronald Kessler, The FBI: Inside the World’s Most Powerful Law Enforcement Agency
July 27, 1995 The Korean Veterans War Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
Movie: Our Time in Hell - Documentary
Book: James Brady, The Coldest War: A Memoir of the Korean War
July 28, 1914 The Austrian-Hungarian Empire declares war on Serbia following the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand.
Movie: The Guns of August - Documentary
Book: Barbara Tuchman, The Guns of August
July 29, 1967 An explosion aboard the U.S.S. Forrestal in the Gulf of Tonkin kills 134.
Movie: Situation Critical: The U.S.S. Forrestal (1997) - Documentary
Book: Richard L. Schreadley, From the Rivers to the Sea: The United States Navy in Vietnam (1992)
July 30, 1975 James Hoffa, former Teamsters Union President, disappears outside a Detroit, Michigan motel.
Movie: Hoffa (1992) Jack Nicholson
Book: William L. Wolf, Whacking Jimmy
July 31, 1919 The Weimar Republic is established in Germany.
Movie: The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hitler (1995) - Documentary
Book: Paul Bookbinder, Weimar Germany: The Republic of the Reasonable