Clio In Time
August, 2017

All The President's MenThe Overland TrailThe Statue of LibertyCy YoungKon TikiMacbethWizard of Oz

August 1, 1972 Reporters for The Washington Post newspaper begin major series of exposes on Watergate break-in.
Movie: All the President's Men (1976) Robert Redford
Book: Stanley I. Kutler, Wars of Watergate

August 2, 1832 The U.S. Army crushes Black Hawk Indian rebellion.
Movie: Old Overland Trail (1953) Rex Allen; Leonard Nimoy
Book: Ellen M. Whitney, The Black Hawk War, 1831-1832 

August 3, 1678 The French explorer, Robert LaSalle, builds the first ship, La Belle, in America.
Movie: Voyage of Doom (1995)
Book: Francis Parkman, La Salle and the Discovery of the Great West

August 4, 1992 Lizzie Borden, spinster of Fall River, Mass., is arrested for the murder of her father and stepmother.
Movie: Lizzie Borden (1995)
Book: Walter Satterthwaite, Miss Lizzie - Novel

August 5, 1884 Officials lay the cornerstone on Bedloe's Island between New York and New Jersey, for the Statue of Liberty, a gift of the French people.
Movie: The Statue of Liberty (1985) -Documentary
Book: Lynda Sorensen, The Statue of Liberty

August 6, 1890 Cy Young begins professional baseball career
Movie: Baseball (1994) - Documentary
Book: Reed Browning, Cy Young: A Life in Baseball

August 7, 1947 Thor Heyerdahl, searching for proof of early sea crossings from South America, lands his raft "Kon-Tiki" on a reef in Polynesia.
Movie: Kon Tiki (1950) - Documentary
Book: Thor Heyerdahl et al., Kon-Tiki: Across the Pacific by Raft

August 8, 1588 The British and The Great Protestant Wind, a hurricane in the English Channel, finally defeat The Spanish Armada.
Movie: The Spanish Armada (1988) - Documentary
Book: William W. Lace, The Defeat of the Spanish Armada

August 9, 378 Visigoths fighting on horseback defeat the legendary Roman infantry, hastening the end of the Roman Empire.
Movie: The Fall of the Roman Empire (1964) Sophia Loren
Book: Edward Gibbon, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

August 10, 1921 FDR is stricken with polio at summer home at Canadian island of Campobello.
Movie: Sunrise at Campobello (1960) Ralph Bellamy
Book: Dore Schary, Sunrise at Campobello-A Play in Three Acts

August 11, 1902 Oliver Wendell Holmes is appointed to the Supreme Court.
Movie: The Magnificent Yankee (1950) Louis Calhern
Book: John Torrey Morse, Life and Letters of Oliver Wendell Holmes

August 12, 1983 In Santiago, Chile, 17 people are killed in a demonstration against military dictator General Pinochet.
Movie: Missing (1982) Sissy Spacek
Book: Pamela Constable and Arturo Valenzuela, A Nation of Enemies: Chile Under Pinochet

August 13, 1521 Spanish conquistadors capture Mexico City from the Aztecs.
Movie: The Aztec Empire (1998) - Documentary
Book: Elizabeth H. Boone, The Aztec World

August 14, 1969 British forces intervene in the escalating violence in Northern Ireland.
Movie: Behind the Mask: The IRA and Sinn Fein (1999) - Documentary
Book: Tim Pat Coogan, The IRA

August 15, 1157 Macbeth, King of Scotland, dies.
Movie: Macbeth (1971) Roman Polanski
Book: Dorothy Dunnett, King Hereafter - Novel

August 16, 1936 The Olympic Games end in Berlin, Germany, with American track star Jesse Owens winning four gold medals.
Movie: The Jesse Owens Story (1984) Dorian Harewood
Book: Tom Streissguth, Jesse Owens

August 17, 1939 The Wizard of Oz, starring Judy Garland, opens in New York.
Movie: The Wizard of Oz (1939) Judy Garland
Book: Rita E. Piro, Judy Garland: The Golden Years

August 18, 1958 Television game show scandal investigation begins.
Movie: Quiz Show (1994) Ralph Fiennes
Book: Kent Anderson (editor), Television Fraud: The History and Implications of the Quiz Show Scandals

August 19, 1979 Pol Pot, ex-dictator of Cambodia, is sentenced to death in his absence by the Vietnamese-backed Cambodian government for genocide.
Movie: The Killing Fields (1984) Sam Waterston
Book: David Chandler, Brother Number One: A Political Biography of Pol Pot

August 20, 1191 Richard I of England slaughters 3,000 Muslims at Acre during the Third Crusade.
Movie: Richard the Lion Heart: History Makers (1996) - Documentary
Book: Ralph V. Turner et al., The Reign of Richard the Lion Heart: Ruler of the Angevin Empire, 1189-1199

August 21, 1165 Philip Augustus, future King of France and rival of the Plantagenet Kings of England, is born.
Movie: The Lion in Winter (1968) Peter O'Toole
Book: Jim Bradbury, Philip Augustus: King of France, 1180-1223

August 22, 1485 Henry Tudor defeats Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field to become King of England.
Movie: The Wars of the Roses: To Bosworth Field (2001) - Documentary
Book: A. L. Rowse, The Wars of the Roses

August 23, 1927 Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are executed for a 1920 murder with many people believing they were framed because of their radical political beliefs.
Movie: Sacco and Vanzetti (1971) Riccardo Cucciolla
Book: Nicola Sacco, The Letters of Sacco and Vanzetti

August 24, 410 Visigoths sacked Rome, symbolizing the fall of the Western Empire.
Movie: Footsoldier: The Barbarians (1997) - Documentary
Book: Thomas Burns, Barbarians Within the Gates of Rome: A Study of Roman Military Policy and the Barbarians, 375-425 AD

August 25, 1609 Galileo demonstrates the first telescope to Venetian lawmakers.
Movie: Galileo: On the Shoulders of Giants (2000) - Young Adult
Book: Dava Sobel, Galileo's Daughter

August 26, 1498 Pope Alexander VI commissions Michelangelo to create the magnificent "Pieta" which remains one of the great treasures of the Vatican.
Movie: Michelangelo (1984) - Documentary
Book: William W. Lace, The Importance of Michelangelo

August 27, 1908 Lyndon Baines Johnson, future 36th President of the United States, is born in Texas.
Movie: LBJ: The American Experience - Documentary
Book: Robert Dallek, Lone Star Rising: Lyndon Johnson and His Times 1908-1960

August 28, 1963 Two hundred thousand people take part in a Freedom March on Washington, D.C., where the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. delivers his "I have a dream" speech.
Movie: Eyes on the Prize (1989) - Documentary
Book: Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965

August 29, 1533 Francisco Pizarro executes the Inca Emperor, Atahualpa.
Movie: The Conquistadores (2000) - Documentary
Book: Ronald Syme, Francisco Pizarro, Finder of Peru

August 30, 1967 U.S. Senate confirms Thurgood Marshall as first black justice.
Movie: Separate But Equal (1991) Burt Lancaster
Book: Thurgood Marshall, (editor) et al., Thurgood Marshall

August 31, 12 Caligula, "Little Boots," is born into the powerful family of Octavian Augustus and will prove, in four violent years of reign, (37-41 A.D.), madder than Nero.
Movie: Caligula: Reign of Madness (2000) - Documentary
Book: Anthony A. Barrett, Caligula: The Corruption of Power

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